As an Islamic day starts at sunset, the Zuhr prayer is technically the fourth prayer of the day. If counted from midnight, it is the second prayer of the day. It contains four units (rakaʿāt) and begins after the sun reaches its zenith.
Midday (Dhuhr) time is easily obtained. When the sun reaches the mid sky, time is given by: Sunrise (Chorok) and Sunset (Maghreb) time are given by , in fact it is the astronomical sunset/sunrise that occurs for . 0.833 is a slight correction that gives the actual time . So and .
It includes total 17 Rakats encompassing 4 Rakats Sunnah, 4 Rakats Fard, 2 Rakat Sunnah, 2 Rakat Nafil, 3 Witr, and 2 Rakat Nafl.
Quick Answer: In short, we pray both Zuhr and Asr silently because it is the Sunnah of the Prophet (ﷺ) to do so. Certain prayers were read aloud like first two rakats of Fajr , Maghrib and Isha. Others like Zuhr and Asr Salah, the imam or the one who prays alone should recite silently . Ibadah is worship.
One can offer zuhr prayers from noon onwards until one has the time left to offer Asr prayers before its sunset. From sunset starts the time of Maghrib prayers . As soon as one finish Maghrib prayers one can start his or her Isha prayers .
Examples of these Sunnah mu’akkadah or “confirmed” sunnah prayer , as established in the Hanafi school of fiqh, (according to Faraz Rabbani) include: “2 rakats before Fajr ” “4 rakats before Zuhr and 2 after” “2 rakats after Isha”
The azan is the commencement of prayers time if you are alone or in a jamath it’s not impossible to say your salat, you should recite the azan then the iqamat and then say your prayers , provided the time has commenced, otherwise your prayers are not valid they would become nafl prayers of the previous time.
Asr prayers can be offered till the last half an hour prior maghrib prayers , although it would be disliked to pray that late.
Why do some Shias pray three times a day ? By day , here stands for 24 hours. Certainly in 24 hours Obligatory Prayers are five, since time given are three, so any Muslim can adjust two prayers of Zuhr & Asr and two prayers of Maghrib & Isha but Middle Prayer of Fajr can not be adjusted with any of the four Prayers .
The basic forms of prayer are adoration , contrition , thanksgiving and supplication, abbreviated as A.C.T.S. The Liturgy of the Hours, the seven canonical hours of the Catholic Church prayed at fixed prayer times, is recited daily by clergy, religious and devout believers.
Obligatory is 4 rakah. night prayer[ isha ]: 4 rakat fardh + 2 rakat sunnah then 3 rakat witr (Optional:4 rakat sunnah prior to the 4 rakat fardh and 2 rakat nafl before and after the witr).
In Islamic tradition, Muslims perform five formal prayers at specified times each day. For people who miss a prayer for any reason, the tradition allows the prayer to be made up at a later time without it automatically counting as a sin that cannot be rectified.
Zuhr — The Midday or Afternoon Prayer : 4 Rakat Sunnat + 4 Rakat Fard + 2 Rakat Sunnah followed by 2 Rakat Nafl.
The muslims began reading silently at Dhuhr and Asr . Because the non believers were ready to torture at that time, so their being silent would not disturb them. Also during isha and fajr the the non Muslim would sleep, so those two prayers were also possible for muslims to read loudly at these times.
As an Islamic day starts at sunset, the Asr prayer is technically the fifth prayer of the day. Shia Muslims are allowed to perform Zuhr and Asr prayers one after another, so they may perform the Asr prayer before the actual period begins.