Two versions of this prayer are recorded in the gospels: a longer form within the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, and a shorter form in the Gospel of Luke when “one of his disciples said to him, ‘ Lord , teach us to pray , as John taught his disciples.'” (Luke 11:1 NRSV).
Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name; thy kingdom come; thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.
The Lord’s Prayer appears in two of the four Gospels: Matthew (6:9-13) and Luke (11:2-4). Scholars generally believe that those two Gospel writers got the prayer from a source, never found but labeled “Q” by researchers.
At present there are at least five English versions of the Lord’s Prayer in use in the UK. Anglicans account for three of these; a Roman Catholic international committee produced another, and a fifth is traditional in Scotland.
When Jesus first teaches the prayer he says when you pray say ” Our Father “. All prayer has to acknowledge our need of forgiveness and our need to forgive. So it’s not so much that there would be other ways of saying it, we say those words simply because Jesus told us to.
Two millennia ago, history often was handed down by word of mouth before being put into writing. As a result, Catholics living in the eastern half of the Roman Empire usually added the doxology while those in the western half believed the “ Our Father ” as said during today’s Mass was sufficient.
—used to express solemn ratification (as of an expression of faith) or hearty approval (as of an assertion)
In teaching us to pray “ Thy kingdom come , Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven” Jesus wants us to petition the Father to throw Satan and his angels down from heaven, thus making God’s kingdom come to heaven. Then, Jesus can make His kingdom come to the earth, “as it is in heaven.”
Hail Mary , full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary , Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen. For translations from the Latin into various languages, see Wikisource.
As our various English translations have it, do we mean sins, trespasses , or debts? We see it reflected in Luke 11:4 and Matthew 6:12, in which what we forgive is derived from the Greek aphiemi, which means to release or remit a debt, with both monetary and non-monetary connotations.
“ Hallowed be thy name” means God’s name is holy and special. Even though God wants us to call him our Father , he is still God, and He is to be respected and honored. This part of the prayer says let God’s kingdom come and let God’s will be done on earth, both just like it is in heaven.
Personally, I do believe that silent prayer is perfectly fine. If it wasn’t, I think Jesus would have told us so. Whether you pray in silence or out loud, I believe that God hears both kind of prayers . As long as your prayers are earnest, He will hear and answer them.
What effect did these changes have? Henry VIII added the doxology to the end of the Lord’s prayer (or Paternoster if you prefer) . So it ends ” for thine is the kingdom the power and the glory for ever and ever Amen”. So it ends ” for thine is the kingdom the power and the glory for ever and ever Amen”.