The five daily prayers include: Fajr (sunrise prayer ), Dhuhr (noon prayer ), Asr (afternoon prayer ), Maghrib (sunset prayer ), and Isha (night prayer ).
It is interesting to note that the names of the ritual prayers are related to the times of the day that they are prescribed within,which are: Fajr or Subuh (dawn), Zuhr (afternoon), ʽAsr (late afternoon), Maghrib (just after sunset) and Isha (night).
Praying five times a day is obligatory for every adult Muslim who is physically and mentally capable of doing so. The times of prayer are spread throughout the day so that worshippers are able to continually maintain their connection to God. The first prayer , called fajr, starts at dawn and ends once the sun rises.
Why do some Shias pray three times a day ? By day , here stands for 24 hours. Certainly in 24 hours Obligatory Prayers are five, since time given are three, so any Muslim can adjust two prayers of Zuhr & Asr and two prayers of Maghrib & Isha but Middle Prayer of Fajr can not be adjusted with any of the four Prayers .
To begin the act of prayer , they say ‘Allahu Akbar’ meaning God is great, raising the hands to the ears or shoulder. Muslims place their right hand over their left on their chest or navel while in the standing position (this may vary according to the subdivision followed).
The azan is the commencement of prayers time if you are alone or in a jamath it’s not impossible to say your salat, you should recite the azan then the iqamat and then say your prayers , provided the time has commenced, otherwise your prayers are not valid they would become nafl prayers of the previous time.
Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God , who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah. They believe that nothing can happen without Allah’s permission, but humans have free will.
Islam is partially based on the Judeo- Christian religions. It has a monotheistic (belief in one God) message, and follows some of the same principles as Christianity and Judaism. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe in one God, Allah, and believe Muhammad was his prophet.
Muslims certainly feel a moral duty and obligation to pray . But like those ascribing to other religions around the world, Muslims also use to prayer to help themselves feel comforted and at peace, and to provide answers to their problems.
Limitation on calls to prayer by Muslims exist in countries including the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, France, the UK, Austria, Norway, and Belgium. Some cities have independently banned or restricted the use of loudspeakers by mosques, including Lagos, Nigeria, and some communities in the US state of Michigan.
Worshipers face the Kaaba in Mecca when praying . Shiite male worshippers often wear nothing on their heads when praying . Like Maliki Sunnis and Shias , pray with hands open to their sides. Do not say ‘Amen’ after the Fatiha, and do not say the qunut invocation in the fajr prayer .
They believe God chose Ali to be Muhammad’s successor, infallible, the first caliph (khalifah, head of state) of Islam . The Shia believe that Muhammad designated Ali as his successor by God’s command (Eid Al Ghadir).
Shi’a Muslims have more freedom to combine certain prayers, such as the midday and afternoon prayers. Therefore they may only pray three times a day. Shi’a Muslims also often use natural elements when praying.