Blessed are You, Eternal our God, Sovereign of the universe. You hallow us with Your commandments and command us to kindle the lights of Shabbat . Baruch Atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech haolam, asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’zivanu l’hadlik ner shel Shabbat . May the presence of God be with you and give you peace.
Barukh atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melekh ha’olam, asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav, v’tzivanu l’hadlik ner shel Shabbat . Blessed are you Adonai our God, Ruler of the universe, who has made us holy through God’s commandments, and commanded us to light the Sabbath candles. Y’varekh’kha Adonai v’yish’m’rekha.
Kiddush (/ˈkɪdɪʃ/; Hebrew: קידוש [ki’duʃ, qid’duːʃ]), literally, “sanctification,” is a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Shabbat and Jewish holidays. Additionally, the word refers to a small repast held on Shabbat or festival mornings after the prayer services and before the meal.
According to halakha (Jewish religious law), Shabbat is observed from a few minutes before sunset on Friday evening until the appearance of three stars in the sky on Saturday night. Shabbat is ushered in by lighting candles and reciting a blessing.
Shabbat dinners are usually multi-coursed and include bread , fish, soup, meat and/or poultry, side dishes, and dessert. While menus can vary widely, some traditional foods are Shabbat favorites.
The Sabbath is commanded by God The Sabbath begins at nightfall on Friday and lasts until nightfall on Saturday. In practical terms the Sabbath starts a few minutes before sunset on Friday and runs until an hour after sunset on Saturday, so it lasts about 25 hours .
A Jewish family welcomes their grandparents to celebrate Shabbat together. Just before dark, the mother lights the Shabbat candles and recites a prayer. The family drinks wine or grape juice from silver goblets and receives a blessing from the grandfather.
In the most common shape of challah , the braided strands form 12 “humps,” which are said to represent the 12 ceremonial loaves (shewbread) kept in the Temple in Jerusalem for the 12 tribes of Israel.
To be considered kosher, Sabbath -observant Jews must supervise and sometimes handle the entire winemaking process, from the time the grapes are crushed until the wine is bottled and any ingredients used, including finings, must be kosher. Kosher wine .
|Halakhic texts relating to this article|
|Babylonian Talmud:||Avodah Zarah 30a|
Jews observe a day of rest to commemorate God resting on the seventh day after he made the world. Shabbat begins on Friday at sunset and lasts until sunset on Saturday. It is a time for family and community, and during this time services at the synagogue are well attended. No work is to be done on Shabbat .
The requirement to light Shabbat candles is thus of rabbinic origin. It is traditional to light two candles , but in some homes an additional candle is lit for each child. The lighting of Shabbat candles has a dual purpose: To “honor Shabbat ” (כבוד שבת) and create shalom bayit or domestic peace (שלום בית).
Remember the Sabbath day , to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you , or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates.
Television and radio Most rabbinical authorities have prohibited watching television during Shabbat , even if the TV is turned on before the start of Shabbat , and its settings are not changed. Most authorities also prohibit either turning on or listening to a radio.
In Jewish halacha, the techum shabbat (Hebrew: תחום שבת, ” Shabbat limit”), or simply techum, is a limited physical area in which a Jew is permitted to walk on foot on Shabbat and Jewish holidays.