Joan of Arc : From Witch to Saint Long before Pope Benedict XV canonized her in 1920, Joan of Arc had attained mythic stature, inspiring numerous works of art and literature over the centuries and becoming the patron saint of France.
St . Joan of Arc is a national heroine of France. She was a peasant girl who, believing that she was acting under divine guidance, led the French army in a momentous victory at Orléans in 1429 that repulsed an English attempt to conquer France during the Hundred Years’ War.
Among all the excellent qualities Joan of Arc exhibited in her short life, this book focuses on these seven: spirit (her spiritual formation and personal zeal); identity (her strong sense of self and personal calling); power (her excellent judgment in using coercive power to save her country); mobility (her purposeful
Joan of Arc (1412–1431) was formally canonized as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church on 16 May 1920 by Pope Benedict XV in his bull Divina disponente, which concluded the canonization process that the Sacred Congregation of Rites instigated after a petition of 1869 of the French Catholic hierarchy.
She was later handed over to the English and put on trial by the pro-English bishop Pierre Cauchon on a variety of charges. After Cauchon declared her guilty, she was burned at the stake on 30 May 1431, dying at about nineteen years of age.
A few days later the English king and the University of Paris formally published the news of Joan’s execution. Joan of Arc being burned at the stake for heresy, May 30, 1431. Almost 20 years afterward, on his entry into Rouen in 1450, Charles VII ordered an inquiry into the trial.
Joan of Arc, the “Maid of Orléans,” is believed to have been born on January 6, 1412 . She lived only 19 years, but she would become a Roman Catholic saint and a national hero of France for her pivotal role in the Hundred Years’ War.
As the fire was lit, and spread, she uttered her last words , “Jesus! Jesus! Jesus,” she said, repeating Christ’s name several times before her death.
Though remembered as a fearless warrior and considered a heroine of the Hundred Years’ War between France and England, Joan never actually fought in battle or killed an opponent. Instead, she would accompany her men as a sort of inspirational mascot, brandishing her banner in place of a weapon.
1a : conformity to a standard of right : morality. b : a particular moral excellence. 2 : a beneficial quality or power of a thing. 3 : manly strength or courage : valor.
|Saint Gemma Galgani|
|Born||Maria Gemma Umberta Galgani 12 March 1878 Camigliano, Capannori, Italy|
|Died||11 April 1903 (aged 25) Lucca, Italy|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||14 May 1933 by Pope Pius XI|
But a series of missteps, including her failure to liberate Paris followed, and on May 23, 1430, she was captured by the Duke of Burgundy’s men, jailed for more than a year and put on trial for charges including heresy, witchcraft and violating divine law for dressing like a man. Joan of Arc’s entry into Orleans.
During medieval times the Catholic Church chose Michael to be the patron of the military. As a patron saint, he was an advocate and intercessor to God on behalf of the military.