The simplest mosque would be a prayer room with a wall marked with a “mihrab” – a niche indicating the direction of Mecca, which Muslims should face when praying. A typical mosque also includes a minaret , a dome and a place to wash before prayers. Each feature has its own significance.
A sahn (Arabic: صَحْن, ṣaḥn), is a courtyard in Islamic architecture, especially the formal courtyard of a mosque . Most traditional mosques have a large central sahn , which is surrounded by a riwaq or arcade on all sides. In traditional Islamic design, residences and neighborhoods can have private sahn courtyards.
Islamic Architecture : Parts of a Mosque Minaret. Mosque minarets in Aswan, Egypt. Dome. Turkey, Istanbul, Blue Mosque ornate interior of domes. Prayer Hall. Sultan Selim Mosque , Konya. Mihrab. Mihrab of Nasir Ol-Molk mosque , Shiraz, Iran. Minbar. Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ablution Area. Prayer Rugs.
Prayer in the mosque Worshippers face this wall when they pray so that they are praying towards the holy city of Islam. At the mosque , men and women pray in separate rooms performing the series of movements in a sequence. This involves bowing and kneeling as well as prostration and reciting praises to God.
Photography is permitted inside of mosques , however, you should never take pictures during prayer times or of worshipers performing ablutions before the prayer.
A common feature in mosques is the minaret, the tall, slender tower that usually is situated at one of the corners of the mosque structure. The top of the minaret is always the highest point in mosques that have one, and often the highest point in the immediate area .
” Mosque ” is the English name for a place of Muslim worship, equivalent to a church, synagogue or temple in other faiths. The Arabic term for this house of Muslim worship is ” masjid ,” which literally means “place of prostration” (in prayer).
Hundreds of millions of Muslims around the world are bound to orient their daily prayers toward the ancient Kaaba, and mosques everywhere are built to face the black-shrouded cubic building, or have indicators of its direction.
Allah is usually thought to mean “the god” (al-ilah) in Arabic and is probably cognate with rather than derived from the Aramaic Alaha. Arabic-speaking Christians call God Allah , and Gideon bibles, quoting John 3:16 in different languages, assert that Allah sent his son into the world.
The Islamic geometric patterns derived from simpler designs used in earlier cultures: Greek, Roman, and Sasanian. They are one of three forms of Islamic decoration , the others being the arabesque based on curving and branching plant forms , and Islamic calligraphy; all three are frequently used together.
Minaret, (Arabic: “beacon”) in Islamic religious architecture, the tower from which the faithful are called to prayer five times each day by a muezzin, or crier. Such a tower is always connected with a mosque and has one or more balconies or open galleries.
Mosques , as symbol of Islamic architecture must play an important role in reflecting the superiority of Allah the Almighty. Ornamentation should be taken as part of mosque components and not as mere decorations done after-thought or filling in the gap.
It is most appropriate to wear modest, loose-fitting clothes. For men, it is better to wear long pants, and for women to wear pants or full-length skirts or dresses, with long sleeves. Non-Muslim women are encouraged to wear a headscarf in the prayer hall. One can be provided upon request.
Etiquette 101: The Dos and Don’ts of Visiting Mosques in the Middle East Do take off your shoes before you enter. Women: Please do cover your hair. Do wear proper clothes. Don’t let your kids run or play inside the mosque . Don’t eat or drink inside a mosque . Don’t raise your voice.
Upon entering Mosque – 1 I take refuge with Allah, The Supreme and with His Noble Face, and His eternal authority from the accursed devil. In the name of Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me.